The hope of fundamental political change in Europe began emphatically amongst the anti-royalists with the career of a young French officer in 1795. This officer as commander in chief of the French armed forces helped France attain the Nimbus of invincibility. Through political tactics and against all the hopes of the citizens of Europe, not only did he force the subjugation of democratic separation of power in France, but also his self coronation as Empereur des Française (French Emperor) on the 2nd of December 1804. The name of this young officer was Napoleon Bonaparte.
1805/ 1806
Napoleons expansive governance led in 1805 to a 2nd War with Great Britain and also against Austro-Hungaria, "Battle of Austerlitz", where the Austro-Hungarian Armies were defeated. Dalmatia, which after Napoleons occupation of Venice in 1797 fell under Austro-Hungaria, as Illyricum province became a French protectorate.

In 1806 Napoleons troops marched into Dubrovnik. The city state Republic of Ragusina, the free Republic of Dubrovnik, resisted occupation with all political means. In the end, the Republic broke up and became a part of the Illyricum protectorate.

After Napoleons defeat in Russia in 1812 / 1813 and the subsequent war of independence by the Russian, Prussian and Austrian armies, the new order of Europe of the Vienna Congress of 1814 followed. Dubrovnik hoped of his restitution but Dalmatia and Dubrovnik became a part of Austro-Hungaria. Until 1918 Dubrovnik remained a part of Austro-Hungaria. The free Republic of Dubrovnik sceased to exist.

History History 1815-1918 Squares and palaces The City Map Map