Dubrovnik in a multinational state 1815 - 1918
The time of Napoleon was over and the original thought of a French Revolution had a lasting influence on the people in Europe. However the resolutions of the Vienna Congress from 1814 / 1815, which tried to bring back the time of absolutism again, the time far before Napoleons existence, were contradictory; "The New Order of Europe" has been passed over the conditions and needs of the people and ethnic groups. The right of self - determination was not the topic, so that the agreements of the Congress did not lead to an enlargement of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and kingdom.

(Ethnic groups of the Empire and the kingdom monarchy till 1918: Germans, Czechs, Slovakians, Austrian, Hungarian, Italian, Romanian, Slovenian, Croatian, Serbian).

A New Time

Dubrovnik, once a Democracy, now a part of Austro-Hungarian it could, at first, only be submitted to the new conditions. However, this town experienced in the time before and at the beginning of the industrial revolution again an imminent small flowering. The modern Ship industries and there effect on trade has given back the feeling of the old free society.

Französischer Schriftsteller, 1828 - 1905
Jules Verne
The tourist sector also saw the potential merit of this area and has offered the first services to the travelers. Spectacular spy affairs as a symbol for external and internal tensions of Austro-Hungarian have inspired authors and writers. Jules Verne wrote the myth about Dr. Antekirta - the secret world of islands (Dalmatian islands) around Ragusa - Dubrovnik.

Nevertheless, the tight organized official government of the monarchy could never solute the internal tensions. The involvement in unclear political intrigues in Balkan and the Balkan wars of 1912 and 1913 did not ease tensions in relation to the situation of multinational and minority politics.

Through arms races, rivalry, foreign diplomatic rushes and interests in power - almost every European military power - the situation came in 1914 finally to a head.

On 28th of June 1914, the Austrian successor to the throne, Franz Ferdinand, and his wife were shot on the street in Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina) acting under orders from the secret organization known as "The Black Hand" by the student Gavril Principe. The daily newspapers did not recognize the significance of this incident at that time, but the First World War had begun.

Geschichte Teil 5 History 1918-1941 Squares and palaces City Map Map